“I like the religion that teaches liberty, equality and fraternity.”
“I measure the progress of a community by the degree to which women have achieved.“
“Religion is for man and not man for religion.“
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born in Mhow, located in Indore city of Madhya Pradesh.
The name has been changed to Dr.Ambedkar Nagar today. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Born on 14 April 1891. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a Dalit(Scheduled Caste) by caste. His father was Ramji Makoji Sakpal, who was an army officer in the British India army. untouchable to their caste was considered.
That’s why his childhood was spent in very difficult times. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
faced social exclusion, humiliation and discrimination of all low caste people including
Had to. Even teachers were discriminated against. let them even touch the water pot
It was said that the peon of the school used to give them water and on the day
The peon did not come, he was deprived of drinking water. His mother died in 1896. They
With the help of his will power, he spent his entire life and earned excellence. their father
Ram ji was a virtuous and devout person of religious thoughts.
Childhood of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar:-
his father visited reside a house in Mumbai city where very poor people already lived within the same room, so there was no arrangement for both of them to sleep together, then Babasaheb Ambedkar and his father took turns. When his father accustomed sleep, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar wont to study under the dim light of a lamp. Bhimrao Ambedkar was keen to check Sanskrit, but because of the practice of untouchability and being an occasional caste, he couldn’t read Sanskrit. But such was the irony that foreigners could read Sanskrit. Bhim Rao Ambedkar life journey Facing humiliating situations, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar patiently and valiantly received his schoolingeducation after then completed college study.
Education Journey of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar:-
In 1908, Ambedkar passed his tenth class from the Elphinstone High School. He passed out Grduation from Bombay University in 1912 and his subjects included Political and Economics. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar took his MA in Economics from Columbia University in 1915. Earned his PhD in 1917.
He did research on the topic National Development for India and Analytical Study. In 1917, he enrolled in the London School of Economics, but due to lack of resources, he could not complete his education. After some time he went to London and completed his incomplete studies from the London School of Economics. Along with this, he also obtained the degree of MSc and Bar at-Law. He was the most educated politician and thinker of his age. He had studied in all the religions of the world.
He also wrote the Pali language dictionary and he was the first person in Assia who got Degree of Ph.D in Economics.. Dr. Ambedkar was only 24 years old when he wrote his paper on “Castes in India – Their Mechanism, Genesis, and Development“. In his paper, he challenged many well established scholars who had already written on caste.
Achievements of Dr B. R. Ambedkar:-
Ambedkar played a key role in the formation of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in 1935. Back in 1955, he was the first person to propose the partition of Madhya Pradesh and Bihar for better government. He also wanted to make Sanskrit the Indian union’s official language and he took part in the ‘Lok Sabha’ election twice but failed to win on both occasions. ‘Waiting for a Visa,’ his autobiography, is used as a textbook at Columbia University.
He was opposed to the principle of employment and constituency reservation and didn’t want the system to exist at all. He was the first Indian to earn a Ph.D. degree outside of India. Ambedkar was the one who pushed for a reduction in India’s working hours from 14 to eight hours a day.
He was a vocal opponent of the Indian constitution’s ‘Article 370,’ which granted the state of Jammu and Kashmir special status. In 1916, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar worked as the defense secretary for the princely state of Baroda. As he was a Dalit, wor was not easy. He was ridiculed by the people and often ignored. After continuous caste discrimination, he quit his job as the defense secretary and took up jobs as a private tutor and accountant.
He later established a consulting firm, but it failed to flourish. The reason has been that he was a Dalit. He finally got a job as a teacher at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. As Ambedkar was a victim of caste discrimination, he thrived on uplifting the pitiable state of the untouchables in society.
He founded a weekly journal called “Mooknayak,” which enabled him to criticize the beliefs of the Hindus. He was passionate about eradicating the practice of caste discrimination in India which led him to establish “Bahishkrit Hitakarni Sabha.”The main goal of the organization was to provide education to the backward classes. In 1927, he continuously worked against untouchability.
He followed the footsteps of Gandhi and led a Satyagraha movement. The untouchables were denied access to the main source of drinking water and entry in Temples. He fought for the rights of the untouchables. In 1932, the “Poona Pact” was formed that allowed reservation for the depressed class in the regional legislative assembly and central council states.
In 1935, he founded the “Independent labor party,” which secured fourteen seats in the Bombay election.In 1935, he published books such as ‘The Annihilation of Caste,’ which questioned orthodox Hindu beliefs, and the very next year, he published another book by the name ‘Who Were the Shudras?’ in which he explained how the untouchables were formed. After India’s Independence, he served on the board of the defense advisory committee and as the minister for labor for the ‘viceroy’s executive council
.’His dedication towards the work earned him the chair of India’s first law minister. He was the first chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution of India.He also established the finance committee of India. It was through his policies the nation progressed both economically and socially. In 1951, ‘The Hindu Code Bill’ was proposed to him, which he later rejected and resigned from the Cabinet. He contested for the seat of Likh Sabha but was defeated. He was later appointed to the Rajya Sabha and remained a member of the Rajya Sabha until his death in 1955.(source-Vedantu)
Trend of thinking
B.R. Ambedkar was a leading social reformer and an activist who dedicated his entire life to the betterment of the Dalits and other socially backward classes of India. Ambedkar continuously fought for the eradication of caste discrimination that had spread like a disease in Indian society. As he was born in a socially backward family, Ambedkar was a Dalit who was a victim of caste discrimination and inequality.
However, against all odds, Ambedkar became the first Dalit to complete higher education. He then went on and completed college and got a doctorate in economics from London University. He entered politics entirely, aiming to fight for the rights of the backward classes and against the inequality practiced in society. After India became independent, he went on to become the first law minister of free India and the chief architect of the ‘Constitution of India.’Later in 1956,
he converted to Buddhism, as he considered it to be ‘the most scientific religion.’Within 2 months of the conversion anniversary, Ambedkar died of diabetes in 1956.ConclusionBhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Baba Saheb, was a jurist, politician, economist, writer, editor. He was a Dalit who was a usual subject to caste discrimination. He was not allowed to eat with other caste children or even drink water at school.
His story is the best example of determination and showcases how education can change the fortune of anyone. A child who was subject to caste discrimination went on to become a man who was the architect of Independent India’s constitution. A story is written in heaven’s which is the best example of not giving up on yourself even if the odds are against you.
the list of some famous books written by Dr. Ambedkar Go to this Website-Jagranjosh
Why celebrated Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar jayanti?
The birthday of Bhimrao Ambedkar, also known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, is celebrated as a festival on 14th April all over the world including India. This day is also known as ‘Equality Day’ and ‘Knowledge Day’. Ambedkar, who fought for equality throughout his life, is considered a symbol of equality and wisdom. Ambedkar is known all over the world for his human rights movement, constitution maker and his enormous scholarship and this day is celebrated to pay respect to him. Ambedkar’s first birth anniversary was celebrated by Sadashiv Ranpi in ’14 April 1928′ in Pune Nagar. Ranpise was a follower of Ambedkar. He started the practice of Ambedkar Jayanti
On Ambedkar’s birthday, every year Millions of his followers gather to greet him at many places like his birthplace, Bhima Janmabhoomi, Mhow (Madhya Pradesh), Buddhist Dhamma, Diksha Bhoomi, Nagpur, his Samadhi Sthal, Chaitya Bhoomi, Mumbai. In government offices and Buddhist monasteries of India, Ambedkar is honored by celebrating his birth anniversary. Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated in more than 100 countries of the world.
Google greeted Dr. Ambedkar on his 125th birth anniversary 2015 by putting a picture of him on his ‘Google Doodle’.