Exactly why is Martyr’s Day(Shahid Diwas) celebrated? Have you ever thought about it? Well this is a day when we pay tribute to our martyrs who fought and lost their lives for their country. We salute them thinking of the work they have done for our country and the pain they have caused.
On that day all the educational centers like schools, colleges etc play the national anthem of that particular country and then there is silence and prayer for a minute or two after that. If seen, whatever he has done for us and the country is really commendable. In such a situation, should we not do anything for his sacrifice? Absolutely must do. He fought for our country while we were sleeping peacefully. Therefore, it is our duty to pay tribute to him for his sacrifice.
That’s why today I thought why not you guys, how is Martyr’s Day celebrated, what are the different dates in India in which Martyr’s Day is celebrated and why? Provide complete information in subjects like. So that you will get the answer of all the questions arising in your mind till the end of this article. Then let us study through this post.
Every year Martyrs Day or Martyrs Day 2022 is celebrated to honor our brave martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country. Let us tell you that, Martyrs Day or Martyrs Day is celebrated on different days in India, but mainly 2 dates of martyr are more known and celebrated across the country.
In fact out of 15 countries, India is the country that celebrates Martyrs’ Day every year. The reason for this is that we cannot forget our brave leaders or fighters who fought for the country’s independence against British rule or colonialism.
The first Martyrs Day, also known as Sarvodaya Diwas or Martyrs Day, is celebrated across India on 30 January, while the second Martyrs Day is observed on 23 March. Both have different reasons, but on 30 January, it is celebrated to pay tribute to Mahatma Gandhi and to the freedom fighters who fought and sacrificed their lives for the freedom of the country.
About Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India and his full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He got married at the age of 13 and went to England for his studies.
Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in January 1915 at the request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. He was a prominent political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement. He gained international fame for his nonviolent protest theory to achieve political and social progress. Mahatma Gandhi is not only a name but a symbol of peace and non-violence all over the world.
Mahatma Gandhi became popular as the Father of the Nation by his followers and he is also known as Bapu ji. Thousands of people, leaders supported him, his works, ideas and followed in his footsteps. He led non-violent rebellion in Kheda, non-cooperation movement in early 1920s and led the famous Dandi March in 1930 and other movements and with his significant efforts India got independence in 1947.
Why Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30th January?
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse at Birla House during his evening prayer on January 30, 1948. Gandhiji was a freedom fighter, a simple man with immense determination, a man who had sacrificed his life for the freedom, welfare and development of India.
Nathuram Godse was trying to justify his crime by holding Gandhi ji and saying that he was responsible for the partition of the country and the killing of thousands of people during the freedom struggle.
He called Gandhi a hypocrite till his last moment and in no way pleaded guilty to his crime. On November 8, Godse was sentenced to death. Therefore, on this day i.e. January 30, Bapu breathed his last and became a martyr. The Government of India declared this day as Martyr’s Day or Martyr’s Day.
Why Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March?
As we know, 30 January is celebrated as Martyrs Day or Martyrs Day in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and 23 March is celebrated as Martyrs Day to remember the sacrifices of three extraordinary war fighters of India. Is.
By the British, on 23 March, three heroes of our nation, Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar, were hanged. No doubt, he even sacrificed his life for the welfare of our nation, even if he chose a different path from Mahatma Gandhi.
He is a source of inspiration for the youth of India. At such a young age, he came forward and fought bravely for the freedom. So, Martyrs Day is celebrated on 23 March to pay tribute to these three revolutionaries.
About Bhagat Singh and his companions–
Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Lyallpur, Punjab. Bhagat Singh along with his companions Rajguru, Sukhdev, Azad and Gopal fought for the murder of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Bhagat Singh became an inspiration for the youth today due to his courageous exploits. On April 8, 1929, he threw bombs on the Central Legislative Assembly with his comrades reciting the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. And for this he was tried for murder and on 23 March 1931 he was hanged in Lahore Jail.
His body was cremated on the banks of river Sutlej. Now a days, a big Shaheedi Mela or Shahadat Mela is organized at Hussainiwala or National Martyrs Memorial in Indo-Pak border.
How is Martyr’s Day celebrated across the country?
On January 30, the President, Vice President, Prime Minister and Defense Minister gather to pay respect by placing a garland of flowers on the statue of Rajghat Bapu, the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi. A respectful salute is also given by the Armed Forces personnel and inter-service units in honor of the martyr.
A 2-minute silence was observed across the country in memory of the Father of the Nation, Bapu and other martyrs. Many hymns, religious prayers are also sung. Many schools have programs on this day in which students perform patriotic songs and plays.
To honor the martyrs, several other days at the national level were also declared as Sarvodaya or Martyrs Day.
July 13: It is celebrated as Martyrs’ Day to remember the death of 22 people in Jammu and Kashmir. On July 13, 1931, people were killed by royal soldiers while demonstrating near Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir.
November 17: This day is observed as Martyr’s Day in Odisha to mark the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Ray, also known as “Lion of Punjab”. He also played an important role in India’s freedom struggle from the British.
November 19: This day is also celebrated as Martyrs’ Day in Jhansi. As, on 19 November, Rani Lakshmi Bai was born. He also sacrificed his life during the revolt of 1857.