Gardening is the favorite hobby of many people. Spending your free time by making a vegetable garden is also a very good use of time. Creating a vegetable garden or vegetable garden is a fun and rewarding experience. Grow those delicious vegetables that your family members love to eat. Choose the best spot on your patio to grow them and with a little time and care your dinner table will be filled with nutritious, ripe vegetables.
How to do best Gardening at Home
Decide what you want to grow. Which vegetables do you like to eat? Think about which vegetables you’d like to eat this summer, and plan to grow them in your garden accordingly. While most vegetables grow well in different climates, knowing what grows best in your area is a high consideration before growing anything.
- Choose vegetables that can be harvested at different times. By doing this, instead of getting all the vegetables at one time, you will get them during the whole summer.
- Some plants do not grow properly in some areas. Find out if the vegetables you want to grow require early cold weather to grow, or whether they will wither or die as temperatures rise. If you live in an area where the heat is short, or there isn’t much rainfall, you’ll have to be selective about growing vegetables.
- Choose plants that have similar growing and soil requirements, which will make it easier for you to care for your garden.
Choose a location for your garden:
Vegetables need strong and high sunlight, and therefore, choose the sunniest spot on your patio to build your garden. Do not choose a place where the shadow of your house or tree falls for most of the day. Look for a place that has a good drainage system and the soil is fertile.
- If an area has good drainage, you’ll know when you see it after a heavy rain. If a pit is formed there then that place is not suitable for a vegetable garden. If the water soaks into the soil too soon then that place is right.
- Choose an upright site with no stones and roots. Doing this will make it easier to till the soil to prepare the garden.
- If your soil doesn’t have good drainage, you can create a raised bed that allows plants to grow above ground level.
- Some vegetables also grow well in large pots. If you don’t have a patio, you can grow peppers, tomatoes, and potatoes in pots on a patio, or on a fire escape.
Make a map of the fields:
Now the time has come for you to see how much space will be needed to make a garden, and where the plants of vegetables be planted. Different plants require different amounts of space. See how much space you need to plant.
- You need to know how much space you should leave between sown seeds or plants, and how much space the plants will need as they grow. Squash, zucchini, and pumpkin take up a lot of space and produce more fruit, while potatoes, carrots, and lettuce take up less space.
- By planting vegetables in a row, you can keep track of which plants are which.
- Leave more space between rows to make it easier for you to walk through the garden to water, fertilize and remove mulch, as well as to pluck ripe vegetables.
Buy seeds and planting material:
Decide whether to start your garden with seeds or sprouts. Buy it from your catalog or nursery. You will also have to decide which tools you should buy for the garden. Gardening can be done by hand with simple tools, but large gardens may require a plow to loosen the soil.
Here’s what you’ll need:
- seed or germinated seed. The nursery has good varieties of seeds and germinated seeds and the staff can help you buy good seeds.
- Fertilizer. Good natural fertilizer will help your vegetable plants grow more efficiently. Add bone powder and organic manure to the soil. Compost also works well.
- Half rotten grass and top soil. When vegetable plants start growing, they need to be protected from wind and heavy rain. You can use a layer of half-rotted grass or top soil to do this. You can cover the soil with dry grass to protect the sprouting plants.
Use plow or spade:
This machine loosens the soil, so that you can fertilize it and dig a hole for planting vegetable plants. For small gardens you can use a hoe, but for gardens more than 10 square feet you can buy a plow or you can also rent it.
- Shovel and hay-gatherer (garden rake). Use these essential gardening tools to dig holes and remove plants and soil.
- Measuring tape. Vegetable plants need to be sown at different depths, so it is beneficial to measure the pits made in the soil on a scale.
- Use a hose pipe that has a water pressure adjustment feature (as if it had a tap). It especially helps in changing the flow of water.
- Fencing material. Rabbits, squirrels, deer and other animals like to nibble on vegetables, so you’ll want to build a fence around your garden.
Prepare the soil:
Place stones on the corners of the garden. Remove roots, stones, wood, weeds and other large debris from the inside of the corners. Use a plow, mower, or spade to break up the soil into small pieces to dig to a depth of 12 inches (30.5 cm.), depending on the depth of planting the vegetables.
- Pour the compost into the soil with a hay-gathering tool. Make sure that you spread it evenly in the soil.
- Make sure you take the time to remove the stone buried in the soil. They won’t allow your plants to grow, so it’s important to make the area stone-free.
- If you’re concerned about the quality of your patio’s soil, purchase a soil testing kit to find out the organic matter, nutrients, and pH levels in them. All these factors affect the growth and nutrition of your vegetables. After testing the soil, you can add whatever you see missing in it.
1. Dig the pit and sow the seeds or sprouts.
Use a shovel to dig as deep as you need for the vegetables you want to grow. Add some compost to each pit first and then slowly pour the seeds or sprouts into them. If necessary, cover those pits with top soil or rotted grass.
2. Water the soil
For the first few weeks, you need to keep the top soil moist until the vegetables take root. Use the hose pipe’s misting function to give the garden a light sprays every day.
- Keep checking the soil frequently. If it feels dry to you, moisten it again by sprinkling it with water.
- Do not water the garden at night. If the water keeps the soil moist all night without soaking or evaporating, mildew can develop there.
3. Removing unwanted plants from the Garden
As the vegetables begin to sprout, make sure that other weeds do not take advantage of the fertilizer and water to grow. Grab those weeds by the root and pull them out and throw them away from the garden, so that their seeds do not spread again. Keep in mind that you do not uproot the newly sprouted vegetables along with them.
4. Keep Animals Away
Keep rabbits and squirrels away by fencing them before the vegetable plants bear fruit. Generally, a small mesh enclosure would benefit. If there are deer there you will have to put up a big fence.
5. Take care of vegetables according to their needs
Water, fertilize and prune vegetable plants as much as they need. As vegetables continue to grow during the summer, cut back weeds and plants from time to time. When it’s time to pluck the vegetables, pluck the ripest vegetables first and allow more time for the rest of the vegetables to cook. (Source of Research)
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- Keep the garden neat and clean to keep it looking beautiful and growing.
- For good yield of the plant and to prevent weeds from growing, add half-rotted grass all over the place.
- surround with wire for added protection
- Do not overuse chemical fertilizers, as they reduce the yield of the soil.
- If you would like to know more videos of organic gardening you can join epic gardening on Instagram.
Also Read – 75 Diet and Nutrition Facts About Food to Be Healthy