What is definition of Psychology in English?
Psychology is a science that studies the mental behavior and physical processes. Behavior includes human behavior as well as the behavior of animals and birds. or Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior. The word psychology is derived from two Greek words ‘psyche’ meaning ‘mind’ or self’ and ‘logus’, meaning ‘science’ or ‘study’.
What means of behavior?
Behavior is what we think, feel or do. for example: to work, to speak, giving feedback, to undesrstand, to feel sensation, to imagine, memorization, to desire, to sleep, to dream.
Why do people think, feel and act in a particular way?
Until a few centuries ago, people believed that human behavior was controlled by a spirit that lived outside the body.In ancient times, people believed that psychological problems such as stress, anxiety, and depression were caused by demonic forces.Because psychology is concerned with observable behavior, some psychologists today still focus on the spiritual side of existence.
Humans are biological beings with a complex nervous system that controls thoughts, feelings and actions. Nervous system(neurons) is a vast network of nerve cells, that transmits messages to the brain. Neurons communicate with each other using chemical and electrical signals. They tell our glands and muscles what to do, and carry messages from the brain to our sensory organs. Millions of nerve impulses are transmitted through our bodies all the time, even when we are resting or sleeping.
Facts of psychology related:-
- First use of the word psychology – Rudolf Goeckl
- The father of psychology – Aristotle
- Father of Modern Psychology – William James
- Father of Experimental Psychology – Wilhelm Wund
- The father of animal psychology – Thorndike
- Founder of Structural School – Wilhelm Wund, Titchner
- Father of Psychoanalysis – Sigmund Freud
- Father of Gestaltism – Verdimar, Kohler, Kofka
- Exponent of the theory of try and error – Thorndike
- Father of Behaviorism – Watson
- Father of Contraction Theory – Pavlov
- Father of obstetric theory – CL Hull
- Exponent of Humanistic Approach – Maslov
- Exponent of Functionalism – William James, John Dewey
- The father of regionalism theory – Kurt Levin
- Proponents of Introspection – Wilhelm Wundt and Titchner
- The originator of the extrapolation method – JB Watson
- Originator of question and answer method – Socrates and Woodworth
- Originator of Sociometric Method – J. L. Moreno
- Originator of Person History Method – Tiedman
- Originator of experimental method – Wilhelm Wundt
- Law of continuity of corpuscles – Weizmann
- Law of Transfer of Acquired Properties – Lamarck
- Theory of Psychosexual Development – Sigmund Freud