Aurobindo Ghosh: Very young age,He went to England for studies at the age of 7 years. Those who had passed the ICS entrance examination after completing the age of 18. Ghosh, who was a brilliant student since childhood, had knowledge of English, German, French, Greek and Italian etc. apart from Indian languages. His father doctor wanted him to get some big post, but Arvind Ghosh loved his country instead of job. He participated in the freedom movement and later became a yogi for the awakening of the society. He established his ashram in Pondicherry, wrote commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, composed poetry, thus he was a freedom fighter poet and yogi whose philosophy is still remembered today. A large number of people believe.
Biography of Aurbindo Ghosh:-
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was a great thinker and philosopher of modern India. He was also a great and famous leader of the freedom movement. Who later became a yogi and a mysterious person. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was born on 15 August 1872 in Kon Nagar, West Bengal.
After finishing his education from Lori’s Convent School in Darjeeling, he went to England to get higher education. He took admission in London’s St.pole School in 1884. After receiving the Senior Classical Scholarship, he joined King’s College Cambridge in 1890.
After coming back to India, he studied Sanskrit and Indian culture and religion and philosophy deeply and after that while staying in Bengal Congress till 1910, he took the country to get independence and urged the whole of India to destroy the British government and throw it out of the country. Did that to strongly oppose and boycott foreign goods and any scheme or campaign being run by the British Government.
In view of his immense activism, the British government imprisoned him in Alipore Jail for a year in 1910. During his prison visit, Shri Aurobindo Ghosh had a spiritual mystical experience which left a deep and profound effect on him. After that he changed the lifestyle of a yogi and started residing at a place called Pondicherry in Tamil Nadu.
There Ghosh established an ashram. Aurobindo’s philosophy is like a mother who is tolerant in every way. Avali was established in 1968 as a universal spiritual symbol. Arvind started the publication of a philosophical magazine, The Arya. His famous books are The Ideal of Human Unity, The Synthesis of Yoga and the Life Divine etc.
Political and philosophical thinking of Sri Aurobindo cannot be divided into two separate streams because the basis of all his political thinking rests on spiritual and moral principles. Under which the contemplative form of his philosophy is hidden. Thus Aurobindo’s nationalism is not simply a political plan or intellectual idea but is also a spiritual endeavor of a God-given religion.
Nationalism is a form of active religion. Whose main or main weapon is spiritual. Arvind believed. That the national movement of India will surely get success one day. Therefore, in his view, Swaraj is not just political freedom. The meaning of Swaraj is to include the entire humanity under the spiritual guidance.
To end the national oppression, Arvind actively supported Shakti along with the Satyagraha movement. Political freedom is important for a nation and the security of the nation should be protected at all costs, no matter what appropriate means are adopted for it.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh fully agreed that for the prestige and glory of the nation, a person should dedicate his life wholeheartedly. Only by identifying himself with the nation can a person achieve any kind of achievement. In his view, the nation is not just a group of individuals, the nation is in the form of an organization. As an individual exists, so also a nation exists.
The activities of the society help an individual to achieve the human ideal. In this way the ideal of society rests on the ground of human existence.
Alipore Conspiracy Case:-
Let us tell you that Aurobindo Ghosh was accused of leading the Alipore Conspiracy Case and due to this, along with 40 others, he was arrested by the British government in the year 1908 for 1 year. The witnesses who were presented by the government in this case, that witness was murdered by someone in jail and later in his favor the famous barrister Chittaranjan Das took the case forward and the decision was taken on May 6 in the year 1909. The day had come.
In this verdict Aurobindo was acquitted of all charges along with his accomplices. After this, in the year 1909, on the day of 30th May, he gave a very wonderful speech, which today we read in history as Uttarpara Speech.
Compositions composed by Aurobindo Ghosh:-
- Description of Gita
- Mystery of Vedas
- The Renaissance in India
- War and Self Determination
- The Human Cycle
- The Ideal of Human Unity and the Future Poetry
Main texts of Aurobindo Ghosh:-
- Divine life
- Savitri (Verse translation)
- Sum coordination
- About Sri Aurobindo
- Base of indian culture
- The secret of the Vedas
- Ken and other Upanishads
Works of Aurobindo Ghosh:-
- The mother
- Letters on yoga
- Yoga coordination
- Divine life
- Future poetry
- Yogic tools
- “Vande Matram”
- Kara Kahini (Prison Story)
- Religion o Ethnicity (Religion and Nationality)
- Aurobindo’s letter (Aurobindo’s letter)
Protest against the British through magazines:-
Being a revolutionary, Ghosh was always striving to get India’s independence from the British rule, because he had seen the atrocities done by the British rule on the Indian people with his own eyes and because of this, he had in his mind the feelings of the British. There was a lot of hatred towards him, due to which the feeling of rebellion against the British started to arise in his mind.
He took the help of the magazine to express his feelings and without printing his name, he started opposing the British through magazines. Due to these, a feeling of dissatisfaction against the British began to arise in the minds of other people of the country as well. When the British came to know that Aurobindo does the work of spewing fire through magazines, then he had to bear a lot of atrocities under the British rule, but he did not give up.
Awards to Aurobindo Ghosh:-
Let us tell you that he had a lot of experience in poetry, spirituality and philosophy, and he received the Nobel in Literature Award in the year 1943 to appreciate the contribution he had made in spirituality, poetry and philosophy, and in the year 1950 he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. Peace Award was also received.
Our country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President Dr Rajendra Prasad also praised him a lot in return for his spiritual contribution. He also brought out Vande Mataram newspaper to awaken the youth of India.